Free access to the Vatican Library’s digitized collections: manuscripts, incunabula, archival materials and inventories as well as graphic materials, coins and medals, printed materials (special projects).
Links connect to European primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated.
In addition you will find video or sound files, maps, photographs or other imagery, databases, and other documentation.
The sources cover a broad range of historical happenings (political, economic, social and cultural).
seeks to collect and make freely accessible all of the previously published inscriptions (and their English translations) of Israel/Palestine from the Persian period through the Islamic conquest (ca. 500 BCE - 640 CE).
Digitized early Medici archives of the Archivio di Stato di Firenze (14th century - 1537).
Reference Books and Dictionaries
Credo General ReferenceThis link opens in a new windowProvides full-text online versions of hundreds of top quality reference books in all major subjects. Includes bilingual and biographical dictionaries.
Oxford Academic Reference Online: PremiumThis link opens in a new windowOxford Reference offers full text access to numerous dictionaries and encyclopedias by Oxford University Press as well as selected titles from the Oxford Companion series.
Collins Latin DictionaryThis link opens in a new windowContains translations of words and phrases. The dictionary provides a comprehensive treatment of the vocabulary of texts read in school and university.
In June of 1967 Israel achieved a stunning victory over its Arab neighbors and spun a proud national narrative of manifest destiny. One week later, Amos Oz and Avraham Shapira recorded conversations with returning soldiers that revealed their concerns about the treatment of Arab prisoners, the forced evacuations of Palestinian villages, and the paradox of a people who had once fled oppression but now oppress others to preserve their security. It also reveals their still fervent hope for a lasting peace.